Caring for Your Hair
Now we have about 100,000 hairs on our wave heads. Every hair shaft has three layers, with the cuticle, or outdoors layer, defending the two internal layers.
Shiny hair is an indication of health as a result of the layers of the cuticle lie flat and replicate light. When the scales of the cuticle lie flat they overlap tightly, the inside layers are protected from heat, solar, chlorine, and all the opposite hazards that may come from dwelling in our setting.
When hair is broken, though, the scales might separate and hair can turn out to be dry. Because the scales on dry hair do not protect the internal two layers as nicely, hair can break and look dull.
The type of hair a person has — whether it is straight or curly — may affect how shiny it is. Sebum, which is the natural oil on the hair, covers straight hair better than curly hair, which is why straight hair can seem shinier.
Relying how lengthy an individual’s hair is or how fast it grows, the end of each hair shaft could be a couple of years outdated. So the hair at the tip of the shaft might have survived just a few summers of scorching solar and saltwater and winters of chilly, dry air. How properly you care on your hair from the time it emerges from the root performs a role in how wholesome it seems.
Caring for Hair
How you are taking care of your hair is dependent upon the kind of hair you’ve gotten, your way of life, and the way you type your hair.
Your hair type. Folks with dry, curly hair have totally different hair care wants than folks with straight, fine hair. However all hair must be treated gently, especially when it is wet. Wet hair can stretch, making it more susceptible to breakage or cuticle harm. That is why utilizing a scorching blow-dryer (or different heat styling merchandise) on very wet hair can damage it. Long, excessive heat causes bubbles to type in the hair shaft, which causes them to interrupt simply.
Some people discover that their hair will get oily in their teen years. That’s as a result of the hair follicles comprise sebaceous glands that make sebum, which moisturizes the hair and pores and skin. During adolescence, the sebaceous glands may turn into overactive as a consequence of hormone adjustments during puberty, producing more oil than needed. As with acne, oily hair is normally a brief a part of puberty.
Many teens care for oily hair by washing it as soon as a day — or extra in the event that they’re active. So long as you deal with your hair gently when it’s wet, frequent washing should not harm it. When you’ve got acne, it is a good suggestion to maintain the hair round your face clear so hair oils do not clog your pores.
If you are washing your hair each day or extra, it may be higher to choose a mild shampoo as a substitute of a shampoo designed for oily hair. For some individuals — particularly individuals with wonderful, fragile, or mixture hair (hair that is oily on the crown but dry on the ends) — shampoos for oily hair can be too harsh. When you’ve got oily hair and wish to make use of a conditioner, select one that is made for oily hair.
In case your hair is dry, it’s a good suggestion to scrub it much less frequently. Some individuals solely want to wash their hair once per week — and that is high-quality. Many individuals who’ve curly hair also have dry hair. Curly and dry hair varieties are often more fragile than straight hair, so you will should be particularly cautious about utilizing heat styling merchandise. Shampoos made for dry hair and hair conditioners may help.
Your activity stage and pursuits. Do you play sports activities or spend plenty of time at the seaside These sorts of things can have an effect on your hair. For instance, if you are an athlete with oily hair, you might want to wash your hair after working up a sweat during follow and video games. But when you’re a lifeguard or a swimmer, sun and saltwater (or the chlorine in pool water) can dry your hair out, no matter what your hair type. If you are exposed to solar, wind, or different parts, you might want to make use of a shampoo designed for dry hair or use a conditioner. It is also a good idea to wear a hat to guard your hair when you’re outdoors.
Your hairstyle. Heat styling merchandise like curling and straightening irons can dry out even oily hair if they’re used an excessive amount of. Observe the directions rigorously, and do not use them on wet hair or excessive settings, and provides your hair a trip from styling now and again. Ask your hair stylist or dermatologist for advice on utilizing heat styling merchandise.
Chemical therapies can even hurt hair if they are not used properly. If you resolve you need a chemical therapy to shade, straighten, or curl your hair, it is best to belief the job to professionals. Stylists who are skilled in making use of chemicals to hair will be ready to evaluate your hair type and decide which chemicals will work finest for you.
Listed below are some issues to concentrate on when getting chemical therapies:
Relaxers. Relaxers (straighteners) work by breaking chemical bonds in curly hair. Relaxers containing lye may cause pores and skin irritation and hair breakage. Though “no lye” relaxers might cause much less irritation, both varieties of relaxers could cause problems if they’re used within the incorrect way (for example, if they’re mixed incorrectly or left on the hair for too long). Scratching, brushing, or combing your hair right earlier than a chemical enjoyable remedy can enhance these risks. And do not use relaxers — or any hair remedy — in case your scalp is irritated.
If you resolve to maintain straightening your hair, you’ll want to wait not less than 6 weeks before your next therapy. That provides your hair an opportunity to develop sufficient so you possibly can straighten simply the new progress, with out touching hair that’s already been straightened. Placing more chemicals on hair that’s already been straightened can really injury your hair. Relaxers may cause hair breakage when used over a time period, even after they’re used correctly. Utilizing blow-dryers, curling or straightening irons, or colour on chemically relaxed hair may increase the danger of damage.
Perms. Perms take straight hair and make it curly. The risks are much like these associated with relaxers.
Colour. There are two varieties of colour: everlasting (which suggests the color stays in your hair till it grows out) and semi-everlasting (the shade washes out after some time). Some semi-everlasting coloring therapies, like henna, are fairly secure and straightforward to make use of at residence. Some individuals get a situation called contact dermatitis (an allergic reaction with a rash) from henna and different “natural” merchandise, so make sure to check a small space first. Different shade treatments — especially permanent therapies — can cause hair loss, burning, redness, and irritation. Just a few varieties of coloring topper hair pieces therapies may cause allergic reactions in sure folks, and in uncommon circumstances these may be very serious. So talk to your stylist if you are nervous that you could also be sensitive to the products. Additionally, speak to your stylist about doing a patch take a look at earlier than utilizing a product. And by no means use hair dyes on your eyelashes or eyebrows.
Regular haircuts are one of the best methods to help keep hair healthy. Even you probably have long hair or you are making an attempt to develop your hair, a haircut may help protect the ends of your hair from splitting and damage. In truth, cutting may actually help your hair develop better as a result of it is healthy and not breaking off.
Dealing with Hair Issues
Listed below are some widespread hair problems — and tips on how to deal with them.
Dandruff — or flakes of useless pores and skin — could be noticeable in an individual’s hair and on clothes. Nobody actually is aware of what causes dandruff, although research seem to point out that it may be brought on by a type of fungus or an irritation.
Dandruff isn’t contagious or dangerous. Over-the-counter shampoos containing salicylic acid, zinc, tars, or selenium sulfide can scale back dandruff flakes. When shampooing, therapeutic massage your scalp (however do not scratch) for at least 5 minutes, loosening the flakes together with your fingers. Rinse your hair properly after washing. In case your dandruff doesn’t improve, see your doctor. She or he may prescribe a prescription shampoo and probably a lotion or liquid to rub into your scalp.
Hair can break when points within the hair thicken or weaken. Sometimes this happens close to the scalp so an individual’s hair by no means grows very lengthy. When hairs break at the ends, they’re referred to as “split ends,” and the splits can travel up the hair shaft.
A major cause of hair breakage is improper use of chemical hair therapies, like the therapies described above. However brushing or combing hair too incessantly or within the improper manner (equivalent to using a positive-toothed comb on very thick, curly hair or teasing hair) can lead to breakage. Hair extensions and braids can even trigger breakage. Leaving them in too lengthy or pulling them out with out skilled assist can cause hair and scalp injury and even hair loss.
Typically hair breakage and dry, brittle hair are indicators of a medical drawback, resembling hypothyroidism or an eating disorder. In case your hair is breaking regardless that you do not deal with it with chemicals or different styling merchandise, see a doctor.
Hair Loss (Alopecia)
It’s regular for everyone to lose some hair. The truth is, we lose about one hundred hairs every day as outdated hairs fall out and are changed with new ones. With hair loss, although, hair thins at a fee that cannot be changed. When hair falls out and is not replaced by new hair, a person can change into bald or have bald patches.
Hair loss may be short-term or everlasting, depending on the cause. If altering your hairstyle or other therapy doesn’t help, see a doctor. She or he may prescribe a drug to sluggish or stop hair loss and to help hair develop.